Bewick’s Wrens are observed year round in brushy habitats within Tule Lake and
Upper Klamath Basins. Also found in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine forest.
Brewer’s Sparrows are a nondescript sparrow found primarily in brushy area.
It is fairly common in sagebrush habitats in the spring, summer and fall.
Bushtits are found throughout the year in brushy areas or locations with open
grown trees within the Upper Klamath Basin watershed. They are often seen
in active flocks of twenty or more birds.
California Quail are abundant in most upland habitats within the Upper Klamath
and Tule Lake Basins. Readily attracted to feeding locations and scattered seed.
Also found in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine forest and crop and pasture land.
California Towhee is found at the northern extent of its range in the Upper
Klamath Basin. It is uncommonly observed in dense brushy habitats in the
southern portion of the Upper Klamath Basin.
Canyon Wrens are common in localized habitats with moderately dense brush
adjacent to cliffs or rocky upland locations. Observed year round.
Common Nighthawks are common during the summer months, it is often observed flying
over open country at dusk and often roosts during the day on tree branches
or in rocky areas. It is also found in crop and pastureland.
Fox Sparrows are uncommonly observed year round in most upland habitats within
the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins. Also found in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine
forest and crop and pasture land.
Green-tailed Towhee are uncommon in brushy areas with either juniper or
open pine overstory. Present in the spring, summer and fall months. Also found
in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine forest.
Juniper and oak titmouse are two very similar species which have over-lapping
ranges in the Tule Lake Basin. They are uncommon in juniper sagebrush habitat year round.
Loggerhead Shrikes are commonly observed year round in a variety of fairly open
habitats with scattered trees. Often perched on utility or fence wires. Feeds primarily
on small birds, rodents and insects. Also found in crop and pasture land.
Northern Flickers are probably the most common woodpecker species in the
Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins. It is likely to be seen anywhere trees
are present. They also can be seen in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine forest and crop
and pasture land.
The local Sage Grouse population is restricted to a few small breeding
areas known as leks on Clear Lake Refuge which are active in March and April.
Sage Sparrows are rarely seen during the spring and summer months
primarily in the Clear Lake area.
Sage Thrashers are found in areas of moderately dense sagebrush particularly
in the southern portions of the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins.
Say’s Phoebes are seen during the spring and summer months, Say’s phoebes breed
in open sagebrush locations with nearby rocky outcrops which provide nesting
sites such as rock crevices, ledges or tree cavities.
Spotted Towhee are common in a variety of upland habitats in the Upper Klamath
Basin. Prefers habitats which have fairly dense brush. Seen year round.
Also found in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine forest.
Townsend’s Solitaires are found primarily in areas where juniper trees are present.
Although seen all year, they are most commonly observed feeding on juniper
berries during the fall and winter months. Also found in Ponderosa/lodgepole forest.
Scrub jays are widely distributed in urban, rural, forested, and brushy habitats
throughout the Upper Klamath Basin watershed. They are the most common of
several jay species found here.
White-crowned Sparrows are observed primarily as a fall and spring migrant
in nearly all upland habitants in the Upper Klamath Basin Watershed. They can
also be seen in Ponderosa/lodgepole pine forest as well as crop and pasture land.
Badgers, in the Upper Klamath watershed, are found primarily in dry upland
locations where they dig dens and raise young. Badgers feed on small rodents
which they dig out of ground burrows.
Bobcats are mostly nocturnal mammals observed primarily in open rocky or
brushy areas during the winter months in the Upper Klamath Basin watershed.
Nuttal’s Cottontails are fairly common in brushy areas of sagebrush habitat
in the southern portion of the Upper Klamath Basin.
Jackrabbits are a year-round resident found mostly in areas of sagebrush
or grasslands in the southern portion of Upper Klamath Basin watershed.
Porcupines are found in areas of trees and bushy vegetation as an uncommon resident
species with a fairly wide distribution throughout the Upper Klamath Basin watershed.
Pronghorn are fairly common in areas of open sagebrush and scattered junipers
in the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins, They are also occasionally seen in
agricultural areas and open pine forested locations.
Western rattlesnakes are both rare and reclusive in the Upper Klamath Basin
watershed. They are found mostly in rocky or bushy areas in the southern portion
of the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins.
Weasels are uncommon but widespread small mammals found in a variety of Upper
Klamath Basin watershed habitats near water. They have white fur during the
winter which changes to tan-brown the balance of the year.
Yellow-bellied marmots are found in widely scattered locations throughout
the Upper Klamath Basin watershed, but nearly always in close association
with rocky outcrops, talus slopes or piles of large rocks.
To see more photos of Juniper – Sagebrush species
Cropland and pasture habitat are found mostly at the lower elevations (4,100-4,200) within the central and southern portions of the Upper Klamath Basin watershed. This category includes diverse areas within the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins such as towns, smaller communities, rural residential areas, farms and ranches. The wildlife associated with these habitats have adapted to living close to human development and activities.
Riparian Habitat is located along the shoreline of rivers, lakes and wetlands within the Upper Klamath Basin watershed. Vegetation found in riparian habitats includes deciduous trees such as willow, cottonwood and aspen which are found along the shore lines of these water bodies. Many bird species use riparian habitats as travel corridors during the spring and fall migrations. Other birds may use riparian locations as favored sites for nesting and breeding.
Deep water and permanent marshes are found in the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins. Habitat includes Klamath, Williamson, Wood, Sprague, and Lost Rivers; Upper Klamath , Clear and Tule Lakes, many smaller deep wetlands
and permanent marshes. Fish eating species such as grebes, pelicans, gulls, terns and diving ducks use these wetlands. The vegetation growing in these wetlands
(primarily cattail and bulrush stands which are also called “tules”) provide habitat for rails, white-faced ibis, egrets, herons, yellow-headed black birds to name only a few.
Abundant shallow wetlands are found in the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins. These wetlands have historically had water during the winter and spring, but tended to dry out during the summer and fall. Today, most wildlife areas and
refuges manage seasonal wetlands using water control structures to mimic this yearly wet and dry cycle. Wading shorebirds and dabbing ducks are among the diverse wildlife species commonly seen in seasonal marshes and wetlands.
High Elevation habitat are forests above 5,500 feet in the Upper Klamath and Tule Lake Basins consisting primarily of Douglas fir, western red cedar and true firs. These habitats are found mostly in the Cascade and Siskiyou mountains. Popular travel destinations with these habitats include Crater Lake National Park, Medicine Lake, Lake of the Woods and the Pacific Crest Trail. Wildlife species found in mountain meadows, streams and lakes as well as those seen above timberline are included in this habitat grouping.
Ponderosa and Lodgepole Pine habitat are usually found above juniper/sagebrush vegetation and at a lower elevation than Douglas fir and true fir habitats within the Upper Klamath Basin watershed. Many cavity nesting bird species use the Ponderosa/lodgepole pine habitat, particularly where past fires have created openings and dead snags. Several species of woodpeckers, nuthatches and flycatchers are commonly observed within this habitat.Presented by Dave Menke, Anders Tomlinson, Howard West and anderstomlinson.com/tule-lake/.
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